Building your own Android firmware
Initializing a Build Environment
The environment setting up has been tested under Ubuntu 12.04 Desktop and Ubuntu 14.04 Sever.
Install JDK on PC
sudo apt-get install software-properties-common sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install oracle-java6-installer
Install Essential Packages
Install some packages:
sudo apt-get install git gnupg flex bison gperf build-essential \ zip curl libc6-dev libncurses5-dev:i386 x11proto-core-dev \ libx11-dev:i386 libreadline6-dev:i386 libgl1-mesa-glx:i386 \ libgl1-mesa-dev g++-multilib mingw32 tofrodos \ python-markdown libxml2-utils xsltproc zlib1g-dev:i386
Link the libGL library:
sudo ln -s /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/mesa/libGL.so.1 /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/libGL.so
1. Sometimes, when we use Ubuntu 12.04 Desktop, we may encounter that the desktop GUI is missing after we set up the Android environment. We need fix this:
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-desktop xorg
2. Under Ubuntu 14.04 Sever, we may also need to install:
sudo apt-get install libswitch-perl u-boot-tools
Download Android SDK
At current, we can only get Android 4.2 SDK for Orange Pi/mini Pi .
Download the Android 4.2 SDK for Orange Pi/mini Pi from the Cloud:
Github: Github Page
Extract the files in the download package:
xz -d OP_Android.tar.xz tar -xvf OP_Android.tar
We can see two directory in OP_Andoird: android and lichee.
The content in the android directory is the source code for android system.
The content in the lichee directory contains the kernel, u-boot, toolchain and some other tools maybe needed.
Build lichee packages
First we need compile the kernel and uboot. They are in lichee directory. Enter the lichee directory:
And then compile:
./build.sh -p sun7i_android
After the first compile, we need upgrade the kernel configuration to open some drivers such as GMAC:
cd linux-3.4 cp /arch/arm/configs/op-config .config
After this, you can also tweak the kernel as you like:
make ARCH=arm menuconfig
and then save it.
Compile the kernel again to make the added drivers work:
cd .. ./build.sh -p sun7i_android
After all is ready, you will find a directory named out appear under lichee directory. In it, there are files needed by Android system, when we compile the android source code, these files in out directory will be copied into Android.
Enter the android directory:
Configure the compile environment:
Select the right project for Orange Pi/mini Pi. We have a default project called sugar-orangepi:
it will let you enter a number for the project. The sugar_orangepi-eng is 16 by default.
You can also use make -jN, N represents the core of your host PC. This will take some hours depends on your PC performance.(My ThinkPad T440 takes about 80 minutes, and my Dell sever takes about 50 minutes). After build, you can pack the system to form an Android image file:
And then, you can find the compiled image file under /lichee/tools/pack called sun7i_android_sugar-orangepi.img .
When building Android, it also produce a new folder called out under android directory.
Burn the Android image
After all compiling process, you can burn the new image created by yourself into SD card with PhoenixCard tool. More information please see: TF_card_installation#Installing_the_Android_OS_image.
Useful files for customize your Android system
Under android/devices/softwinner , there are three folders specially related to our Orange Pi/mini Pi android project:
common wing-common sugar-orangepi
We eventually use the files in the sugar-orangepi. sugar-orangepi depends on wing-common, wing-common depends on common.
The specific files or folders may be useful:
sugar-orangepi/sugar_orangepi.mk sugar-orangepi/BoardConfig.mk sugar-orangepi/init.sun7i.rc sugar-orangepi/camera.cfg sugar-orangepi/vold.fstab wing-common/ProductCommon.mk wing-common/apk wing-common/preinstallapk